1. Artwork (aka finished artwork) The transfer of material from concept/ideas and design roughs to formats suitable for printing. This is produced normally on Apple Macintosh computers.

2. Celloglazing A method by which paper can be gloss or matt laminated.

3. Colour Laser A low cost colour printing system. Lasers do not give an accurate depiction of colour.

4. Cromalin A cromalin proof is a colour proof made from the separated film used by printers to make plates. It represents a good depiction of the finished printed piece. Artwork changes at cromalin stage can be expensive.

5. Die-Sub (Diesublimation Proof) A high quality colour proof generated without the need for film. They are generally used for full colour material but are less expensive than cromalins. Die-Subs give a good but not accurate depiction of colour and should never be used as colour matching device.

6. Die-Cut A customised cutting tool that cuts ‘windows’ and shapes from papers and boards.

7. Digital Printing Printing on presses directly from a supplied computer disk without the need for film. Digital printing is perfect for small quantity print projects with restrictions on paper size and weight.

8. Emboss A mechanism that creates impressions on paper and board.

9. Film A plastic substance required by printers to make plates.

10. Foiling (aka Metal Foil) A procedure that adheres metal film in a variety of colours and finishes on to papers and boards.

11. Origination The process of turning artwork into separated film for platemaking. The term includes all related activities such as scanning and planning.

12. Pantone (aka Pantone Matching System) A universal colour standard for inks developed by a manufacturer with the brand Pantone.

13. Process Colour (aka 4 colour and full colour) Printing using cyan, yellow, magenta and black to create full colour.

14. Run The quantity required of a particular print job.

15. Separations The description of the number of sheets of film needed to print in more than one colour.

16. Spot Colour Using specific colour inks such as Pantone.

17. Spot Varnish Varnishing specific areas of a printed piece.

18. Stock A term used to describe papers and boards.

19. Stock Photography Photographs available from royalty free libraries and photographic libraries at agreed rates, however, they may have usage restrictions.

20. Trannies (aka transparencies and slides) Positive photographs in slide format

21. Typesetting Preparing text in a designed typographic style.


About Graphic Design :: Useful Links :: Hall of Shame :: Respect ::

Glossary of Terms

The Design Process
Glossary of Terms
A History of Graphic Design